With the onset of spring, the summer season begins and more and more people are thinking about how to make garden beds correctly in the garden, so that vegetables bring a bountiful harvest, plantings look aesthetically pleasing and not a lot of effort is spent. It's easy to get lost in the range of options, but trying new is always interesting.
First you need to figure out the principles on which the beds are generally located in the garden and what kinds of them exist.
General garden garden rules
Before you ask questions like "how to make a bed for strawberries?" It should be determined how many beds can fit the plot and whether there will be suitable strawberries among them. Important:
- Sun and shade. In the most sunny places should be located plants, accustomed to the heat and greedy for him. Among them are usually zucchini, tomatoes and peppers. And on the most shaded places should be located plants that the sun is not too necessary. Among them are onions, garlic, beans, beans and peas.
- Moisture. If the plot has a reservoir, you should plant plants closer to it that love moisture.
- Side of the world. A cold wind will blow from the north - therefore it is better to plant this part of the site with plants resistant to cold, as well as with shrubs that will keep the rest of the garden in a warm place. At the same time, the beds themselves should be located from north to south, so that during the day they get more sun.
- Scheme. Having collected all the knowledge, you need to make a scheme. Determine which plants take root where better, draw the beds.
Any beds (beds for tomatoes, for flowers, beds from polycarbonate) have an important characteristic - width. It should not be more than one and a half meters, otherwise watering will be complicated and it will be difficult to reach the plants in the middle.
You should not make them out of gravel, otherwise they will quickly become overgrown with weeds. You should not make them too narrow (along the path narrower than half a meter, you will not be able to roll a wheelbarrow during harvest) and too wide (otherwise too much useful space will be lost).
It is impossible to plant the same crop in the same place two years in a row - because of this, the soil is depleted, pests are infested in it, aimed at a specific crop. Therefore, in the autumn, the beds need to be dug up and sown with new vegetables in the spring.
Many cultures grow better side by side - even on one bed - because one of them produces substances that are good for the other. It is worth combining:
- tomato with onions and cabbage;
- potatoes with legumes;
- cucumber with cabbage, beetroot or salad;
- carrots with herbs - lettuce and dill;
- cabbage with radish and tomato.
In addition, breaking the garden, you need to consider the presence of greenhouses on it - greenhouse beds require a special approach. In order to decide how to make the beds in the greenhouse, you need to be guided by the following principles:
If the greenhouse is not equipped with special lamps, the beds in it should be located as well as outside - from north to south.
The beds can be located in different ways, the main thing is that the aisles remain wide enough (not already half a meter). The main options for making the beds are:
- one bed in the middle with side passages is good for a narrow greenhouse with a gable roof;
- two beds along the walls - for the average greenhouse;
- three beds - two along the walls and one in the middle - for a wide greenhouse.
Depending on which region, different beds are made:
- 20 cm above the floor if the region is warm and there are no strong sudden frosts in it;
- high (40 cm above the floor), if the region is cool and can become very cold in spring;
- warm, if the region is cold and in spring there is a temperature comparable to the winter.
Vertical beds will also be very relevant for the greenhouse - they will allow to take a place on the walls as efficiently as possible. Moreover, it is very easy to make them, especially if you managed to figure out how to make raised beds.
Types of beds
The beds are very unlike each other. Which of them to use depends on what characteristics the dacha has. They are divided into two categories:
- Open Used exclusively for growing plants in the season. Not protected by anything, suffer from changes in temperature, rain, scorching sun. Well suited for unpretentious plants or for temperate climates.
- Warm. The beds made according to this principle can be used out of season. Resistant to moderate cooling, rain, heat. Equipped with a special tensioning structure, with which you can easily hide the landing.
Which option to choose depends solely on the climate and preferred plants.
Among the open beds there are many different options.
Best suited for root crops, in its simplest form are simply loosened earth, in which seeds are planted, but there are also improved species:
- Holzer beds. A ditch is being dug up, organic dressing is placed on its bottom, which eventually goes rotten - branches, grass, wood. Fertilizers are piled on top, and black soil over fertilizers. It turns out an oblong hill half a meter high, on the sides of which you can plant vegetables nicely.
- The beds of Rosum. Dig a ditch with a smooth bottom and gentle slopes. At the bottom make a narrow groove - the depth of a spade bayonet, 20 cm wide. Fill it and its moat with compost. Arrange the beds on the slope - this will allow the plants to feed from the moat, in which even during dry times moisture will remain.
- French beds. Well suited for those who ask the question: "how to make beautiful beds?". They are carried out in the form of a circle divided into equal sectors by curbing.
These are the best beds for cucumbers and suitable beds for strawberries, which are also well suited for tomatoes and other crops, but they love warmth and need props. Often made of slate, brick or wood. The answer to the question "how to make vertical beds in the country?" very simple:
- the future place for the beds is marked up and the fertile layer is removed from the ground;
- a curb of slate or any other suitable material is installed around it;
- the grid with small cells for protection against wreckers stretches;
- on the grid poured layer after layer of branches and fertilizers;
- the last layer is made of black soil and is at least 30 cm.
They allow to accommodate a large number of plants on a small area, but they are poorly suited for heavy lush growing vegetables (tomatoes). Most often, they grow strawberries or strawberry plantings and it is for them that gardeners generally think about how to make vertical beds. There are different options:
- Stepped. They are arranged consistently: on the first level, this is just a bed, fenced with a curb. The second level rises above 20-30 cm and is also enclosed by a curb. The result is something like a pyramid - making such beds with your own hands easier from wood, but metal will last much longer.
- From plastic pipes. It will be difficult to make vertical beds for strawberries in this way, but you’ll have a mobile construction that can be moved into the room for the winter and which can be installed not only on the floor, but also on the walls. Such beds consist of two pipes. The diameter of one 10-20 cm, the second - 10-20 mm. In the first, holes are made for the plants, plugs are placed at the ends with holes, into which a smaller pipe is inserted. It, in turn, makes holes for water supply, one end closes, the other is connected to the water supply. The remaining free space in the large pipe is filled with soil, seeds are planted in it - and the result is a bed, watering the plants in which amounts to turning on the water supply to the small pipe.
- Longline In fact, very much resemble hanging flower pots, pots. In order to make them, you need to cut a plastic pipe longitudinally, make plugs on both sides, fill the ground in and plant the plants. After making the attachment and hang such pipes one above the other, to get a multi-tiered design. It turns out smooth aesthetic beds, which are easy to care for.
- Pocket. Bulk pockets are fastened (often sewn together) to the canvas made of thick seals. Each is filled with soil and organic fertilizers, plants are planted in each. It is simple to build such beds; besides, they can be easily moved from place to place, removed and redeployed.
- From plastic bottles - this is the easiest and cheapest option, how to make a vertical bed. The bottom of the bottle is cut off, the top is tightly closed with a lid, filled with soil and serves for planting.
You can not wonder how to make the beds in the garden, so that they were perfect, and not try to choose one type. Reasonable combination of much more useful and allows you to get the best yields.
Warm beds are somewhat lost on the background of a variety of open. Asking how to make a warm garden bed in spring, it is impossible to find many options. They all boil down to one thing:
- It is necessary to make the beds out of flat slate - their height should be at least 40 cm. It is easier to make them in place - slate is heavy, the finished frame is difficult to carry.
- It is necessary to make of light tubes of the arc, on which cellophane will stretch - for this it is enough to bend them and attach them to the sides with bolts.
- The bed must be filled with branches, earth, fertilizer and humus.
Cellophane can be kept tight at all times, as needed. It is impossible to make a cucumber bed from warm - in the first year you should plant a pumpkin, zucchini, tomatoes or eggplants on it. Cabbage, celery and lettuce will go well to the second.
Preparing to work in the garden, you need to draw up his scheme, determine which plants where to grow and which beds are best for them. After you should decide on practical issues, how to make a bed of boards with your own hands, for example, and you can get down to business.
Patience, well-balanced decisions and love for work in the land will allow you to get a delicious harvest, and perhaps not even one.