The concept of Kitsch (from him. Kitschen - to do something somehow, to tinker) appeared at the end of the nineteenth century in Germany. It began to denote mass-produced, artistic objects that have a low cost and the same low artistic qualities. Simply put, consumer goods. Most often, these were statues, postcards, pictures of "for comfort", souvenirs. Deprived of creativity and authenticity inherent in true art, kitsch immediately became an example of bad taste, primitivism and vulgarity.
A little later, Kitsch began to denote a separate style in art. It happened in the "era of change." Any cardinal changes in the life of society (socio-political, economic) inevitably affect all its spheres - spiritual, including. Art is no exception. Revolutionary nihilists appear, denying generally accepted norms and ideals, and changing their views on generally accepted classical standards. As a result, as a form of protest to society, new trends in art are emerging. Thus, the Avant-garde style emerged, completely denying the traditional classical canons, distinguished by the brightness of the color palette and unusual shapes. And along with it and the style of Kitsch, which is essentially the same style of Avant-garde, only brought to the point of absurdity.
Kitsch Style Varieties
Interior design in the style of Kitsch is divided into "spontaneous" (unconscious) and "intentional." Conventionally, it can be divided into three areas:
Dictated by kitsch lumpen poverty. This is a variety of furniture, outdated furnishings, cheap trinkets. Kitsch lumpen - an indicator of the low standard of living and innovative thinking of the author.
The room of a teenager can also be the focus of the Kitsch lumpen. Rebellious spirit and youthful maximalism here can manifest itself in the form of graffiti, saturated with acidic colors in the interior. And also in the presence of unusual diverse gizmos, many of which are very unexpected - for example, road signs or lampposts.
Kitsch's pseudo-luxury style is an interior design in which there is a noticeable desire to emphasize imaginary well-being by any means. This is an interior, in the design of which, instead of natural finishing materials, their imitation is used. This is a room where numerous luxuries are presented, often of dubious quality. And this is the interior, which inept designers, wanting to expose the "best show", "stuffed" all indiscriminately, while forgetting about the style.
The availability of funds, the use of the most fashionable natural elements of decoration, expensive furniture and rich decoration also do not guarantee that the Kitsch style will not be formed as a result. If, for example, in one interior to place a fireplace in the style of Country, expensive oriental vases and modern fluorescent lamps, you get an unconscious pseudo-luxurious Kitsch.
The kitchen and bedroom are the rooms in which the unconscious kitsch is most often formed. Interior design always requires a professional approach and a sense of proportion.
Designer Kitsch - intentional. Only he can be considered a real interior design style. The style is controversial, but, nevertheless, rightfully occupying its own separate niche in the art of interior design. Kitsch style is found in the works of many famous designers. Only the most experienced of them can afford to resort to this style. After all, this is a kind of hooliganism, irony, a subtle mockery of the classical canons of design art, provocation. Intentional kitsch style is the ability to combine incongruous. This is "art for art's sake". Kitchen, living room, youth cafe - the most popular places for experiments in the style of Kitsch.
Who chooses the style of Kitsch
Intentional (designer) Kitsch - this phenomenon is quite rare. This is a challenge to well-established canons and rules; it is a parody of the vestiges of the past, emphasizing modern achievements. Only very brave, creative, mostly young, people who are rebels in spirit can afford to use the Kitsch style in the interior. And these are people seeking to declare themselves, to draw attention to themselves. This category can be considered a creative elite (bohemia). Designer Kitsch - "crazy" youth, courage and sophisticated taste.
Features kitsch style
Like any other style in the art of interior design, the Kitsch style has its own individual features:
Mixing in the same interior a variety of styles
The kitchen is the most frequent example of such spontaneous kitsch. This room is often a "vinaigrette", for example, from the classical style, the style of futurism and country music.
Disharmony of color and form
Vanguard style, as mentioned earlier, gave life to the Kitsch style, and therefore the used color palette and shapes of these two styles, it would seem, are identical. But there is a significant difference. In the interior, made in the style of avant-garde, there is a harmony of color and shape. For example, bright color accents (such as furniture) in the interior are always contrasted with a light background. And in the style of Kitsch there is a complete absence of any color rules and borders! All colors of the spectrum, including acidic, are used in Kitsch-style interior design beyond all measure. And strict geometric forms side by side with formlessness. A real riot of colors and shapes, dissonant with each other!
Combination of incompatible materials
Materials in the style of Kitsch are used contradictory. Sharing them in any other style would be considered bad form, but not in the style of Kitsch. Czech glass and plastic, velvet and artificial fur, "marble" columns and linoleum, chrome and gilding - everything can be used, and at the same time.
The use of variegated furniture
In the style of Kitsch at the same time can be combined any furniture - modern, rare, of different shapes, different styles, from different sets. The Kitsch bedroom can be the location of an old cheap iron bed and an elegant dressing table. And the kitchen in the same style is the place for an antique buffet, stools of Soviet times and modern built-in appliances. Why not? This is kitsch style! Here the main thing is shocking!
A large number of interior trinkets and decorative elements
The kitsch style welcomes the presence in the interior of a huge number of decorative details - figurines and busts, reproductions of paintings and posters, postcards and dolls, candlesticks and watches, openwork napkins and lambrequins, designer souvenirs and consumer goods. It is desirable that all these pleasant trinkets were many and preferably immediately in one place.
So dictates the style of Kitsch - the style of contradictions and creative chaos.