Warm floors in recent years are becoming increasingly popular. They are installed in private homes and in ordinary apartments, loggias and bathrooms. They are used for heating or only to include from time to time.
Water heated floors stand out among the rest: they seem to be more convenient to use, but at the same time they have a number of features. To understand why, you need to understand the subject.
Main pros and cons
Pluses of water heated floor are numerous. Among them is called:
- Coziness and comfort. Any warm floor is actually a large heating battery, on which it is pleasant to walk in the winter cold, on which it is pleasant to lie with a book and on which even the smallest children can be released without fear of a cold.
- The uniform distribution of heat horizontally. If an ordinary battery heats only at the window, then the water-heated floor heats the entire room evenly, leaving no cold corners.
- Uniform distribution of heat vertically. If when using a conventional battery, warm air accumulates under the ceiling, and drafts are walking on the floor, then the water-heated floor in the house does not allow this.
- Less heat loss through the ceiling. If the ceiling is cold (and in winter it is definitely cold), the hot air, rising to it, quickly cools. But warm air rising from the water floor has less temperature difference with the ceiling, and therefore less heat loss.
- Less drafts. Uniform warming saves the room from this problem.
- Easy care. It is almost impossible to wash the battery - it is too inconvenient to be selected to the back of it. The device of a water heated floor makes it easy to wipe with a mop or wet cloth.
- Lack of dry air. The floor is warm, not hot, the air next to it does not become drier, which is important for people with sensitive airways.
- Aesthetics. A heating battery can hardly be called a very beautiful accessory that can fit into any interior. To mask it is difficult, you need fantasy and money. Water warm floors and no need to mask - they fit perfectly into the interior.
- Saving. Heated floors can save on heating - they can be turned off in places where heat is not yet needed.
But apart from the pros, there are also disadvantages, which are no less:
- The room with warm floors will have to be warmed additionally. With too high heat loss floors will simply be useless.
- Difficulties with installation in the apartment. In apartment buildings, it is not officially allowed to install a water-heated floor. We'll have to visit the architectural board and collect a lot of documents.
- The thickness of the screed for a water heated floor should be not less than 10 cm in rooms located above the first floor, and not less than 20 cm on the basement floors. This will significantly reduce the room and provide additional load on the ceiling.
- Expensive materials. Radiator heating system is much cheaper. Moreover, for laying a warm floor for a person who is not confident in their abilities, it is better to invite specialists, which will also cost money.
- Possible harm to health. Constant stay in a room with hot floor can adversely affect the veins, which can lead to varicose veins and other unpleasant diseases.
There is one more minus - not every material is suitable to make it a flooring for water flooring. Need to choose wisely.
Materials and location
Coverage for a warm water floor can be very diverse. The most obvious options coincide with the most common floor coverings in general.
Thanks to a combination of qualities, this is the most reasonable option. It can be made of natural or artificial stone, but its properties do not change much. Resistant to fire and water, conducts well and retains heat for a long time, with proper timely care is not susceptible to sticky bacteria, fungi and mold. When heated, it does not emit any harmful compounds. One of the advantages - installing a water-heated floor under the tile, you can easily adjust its overall temperature, choosing a tile of a suitable thickness. The thicker it is, the cooler the overall result will be.
Much more controversial option. Wood does not tolerate moisture, burns well and does not conduct heat well. Worse, it is very sensitive to temperature fluctuations, and if the floor is not turned on all the time, it will crack and shatter. To reduce this probability, you should choose a dense, unusual varieties of wood that resist shrinkage well. This is tick, bamboo, rosewood, acacia, oak. In addition, the wooden floor slats should be narrow so that warm air rises easily through the slots, and a water-heated floor in a wooden house is not the best idea possible.
Laminate or carpet
If you do everything according to the technology, water-heated floor under the laminate is great to go to bed. The main thing is to provide a suitable substrate, and then all the properties of the coating will be revealed in the most positive light.
Laminate and carpet easily conduct heat, to some extent retain it, pleasant to the touch and are perfect for the nursery. Resistant to temperature changes.
The conclusion that a water heated floor under linoleum is a great idea, just like a warm floor under a laminate, is erroneous. Linoleum is usually made of cheaper compounds that do not tolerate heat - under the influence of high temperature, they can begin to melt, give off an unpleasant smell and even become harmful to human health. Warm floor under the linoleum is not worth it. Despite the cheapness, it will not pay off.
Determining whether to choose a warm floor instead of more traditional heating systems, it is worthwhile to also estimate where it will be installed - there are some nuances everywhere.
Water warm floor in the apartment
The main nuance is the skepticism of the authorities towards such initiatives. It is explained simply: water for the floor will be taken from the general riser, as a result of which all others will weaken the pressure and decrease the temperature. To avoid this, you need to design the floor in specific ways, acting carefully and competently. And, of course, it is also necessary to prove to the authorities that the installation of a water heated floor was carried out according to the rules and would not harm anyone. In addition, you need to bear in mind that not all standard floors of a multi-storey building can withstand a warm floor.
Warm water floor in a private house
In this case, the owner has much more freedom - he is free to lay the tile on the warm water floor or lay the laminate on the warm floor, when and how he pleases. It is also important to think about what will be heated. The design of a heat-insulated floor allows to lay it:
- to the kitchen - in this case, it will make the cooking process comfortable;
- in the bathroom - water heated floor in the bathroom allows you to have fun, just getting out of the shower, and not catch a cold while standing on a cold tile;
- on the balcony - water heated floor on the loggia or water heated floor on the balcony allows you to get another small room that is suitable for storage, and for the greenhouse, and for a pleasant relaxing holiday.
In addition, you can extend the heating and the whole house instead of the usual way with batteries. But it can negatively affect the health of people who are constantly staying in the house.
Types of water floor heating
Ways of laying a warm water floor is not too diverse. The basic principle of water heated floor always remains the same: pipes are held under the floor, which, when turned on, are filled with hot water. Only nuances differ.
The classical system means that the pipes are filled with material that will conduct heat and retain heat, and in addition, will make leakage impossible. A substrate is laid on top, a tile or other floor covering on it and the whole system is connected to the main heating one. In some cases, the underground floor is tightly poured with concrete, and the water floor is securely fixed.
Concrete conducts heat well and holds it, but it cannot be installed in an apartment building - the floors simply cannot withstand the total weight.
In this case, the pipes are not connected to the main system. They simply lie in a special conductor of electricity, which, when energized, begins to heat water. This option is very easy to use: just plug it in to make it work.
Flooring implies that there is no single base that would fill the entire space between the tubes. There is a special fastener on which they are installed. Above, on the warm water floor covering is laid. This method is much easier for the master, who decided to assemble the entire structure with his own hands. It happens:
- Polystyrene - in this case, use polystyrene, which is much lighter than concrete and conceals not only 10 centimeters, but only 3-4. In addition, in this case, the base is first laid, then aluminum conductors are inserted into the grooves in it and aluminum pipes are already inserted into them.
- Rack - in this case, use wooden slats, in the intervals between which are installed tubes.
It is important to remember that it is easy to choose a water-heated floor. It is easy to find a thermostat for a water heated floor, it is easy to use it as a kitchen floor. But it’s just as easy to break building codes, act incorrectly, and get an unpleasant result: from a flood, which can’t be eliminated without turning the whole structure, will be very difficult.
Only accuracy and responsibility will make the floor, which by the results will delight with the warmth and comfort of all the inhabitants of the house.